Games of the XVII Olympiad
25 August - 11 September 1960
Biggest Budget to Date
The budget of the 1948 Olympic Games in London had been CHF 5.7 million; Helsinki had used CHF 12.9 million and Melbourne CHF 13.2 million. The budget of Rome was CHF 120 million and the Games, which were widely broadcast on television in Europe, became a milestone in the popularisation of Olympic sport.
The Eternal City as a Background
Piazza di Siena in the park surrounding the magnificent Villa Borghese is certainly one of the most beautiful horseshow grounds. The first international Concours Hippique was held there in 1922. Pratoni del Vivaro, near Rocca di Papa in the Alban Mountains, 35km south of Rome, was used for Eventing. Since then Pratoni has hosted several FEI Eventing Championship. The Olympic stadium, built in 1953, was the site for the final competition of the Games, the team Jumping.
The Organising Committee for the equestrian events was headed by a former international Jumping rider, Francesco Formigli. The technical head was Bruno Bruni and the two course designers were Alberto Lombardi for Jumping and Ranieri di Campello for Eventing.
Changes to the Equestrian Programme
In the four years since Stockholm, the FEI had decided to make several changes to the Olympic programme.
- only two riders per country;
- no team competition;
- Grand Prix performances to be discussed among the judges before a final verdict;
- the ride-off performances to be filmed and the film reviewed for a length of time;
- judges to be selected only from countries with no medal contenders;
- scores would be given on the scale of 0 – 10 instead of 0 – 6.
- For the first time since 1920 there were two separate Jumping competitions.
- For the first time since 1924 there were four riders per nation.
Games Facts & Figures
- 83 nations
- 5,338 athletes (611 women; 4,727 men)
- 17 sports
- An Olympic Anthem composed by Spyros Samaras (music) and by Kostis Palamas (lyrics) was first played at the Games of the I Olympiad in Athens. Thereafter, a variety of musical offerings provided the backgrounds to the Opening Ceremonies until 1960, since which time the Samaras/Palamas composition has become the official Olympic Anthem (decision taken by the IOC Session in 1958).