- 30 nations (Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Great Britain, Democratic Republic of Germany (GDR), Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Rumania, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, USA)
- 159 entries (69 in Jumping; 17 in Dressage; 73 in Eventing)
Jumping (69 riders from 23 nations)
Dressage (17 riders from 10 nations)
Eventing (73 from 19 nations)
The water jump, measuring five meters, and a triple combination with strange distances were the pièce-de-résistance of the Jumping course in both the individual and team competitions. More than half of the starters had faults in these combinations.
After the first round of the individual competition, Raimondo d’lnzeo and Posillipo were in the lead. They managed the only clear round, ahead of the surprising Argentinean Naldo Dasso on four points, Piero d’lnzeo and Max Fresson on eight. In the second round, David Broome with seven points managed the best performance. Piero d’lnzeo and Hans-Günter Winkler had two knock-downs each and the leader, Raimondo d’lnzeo, had three. Still with 12 points the younger of the two d’lnzeo brothers won the gold medal, ahead of his brother and young David Broome.
Only nine of the 18 teams finished the first round and the others were, according to Olympic rules, eliminated. The Technical Delegate decided, however, to apply a rule stating that eliminated riders would get the worst score plus 20 points. This meant that all 18 teams were allowed into the second round.
Dressage in Rome was different from anything experienced before.
In the Grand Prix the judges conferred for up to 20 minutes after each ride during which time nothing happened where the spectators were concerned. The ride-off, with the same test again, was filmed. The final results were announced three days later.
Six thousands spectators watched the Grand Prix in Piazza di Siena. Five riders qualified for the ride-off: two from the Soviet Union and one rider each from Switzerland, Germany and Sweden. The ride-off changed nothing. The 34-year old Sergej Filatov on the eight-year old black stallion Absent won gold.
The Australians were the 1960 Eventing sensation. After discrete Dressage scores the foursome of Larry Morgan, Neale Lavis, Brian Crago and Bill Roycroft dominated the Cross-Country to an extent never experienced before. When the results after the Cross-Country became finally known, Morgan was overwhelmingly in the lead ahead of Crago and Lavis; all three were in the medal positions. Their fourth rider, Roycroft, after a fall at the cement drain pipes, was not too far back, except for the fact that he was lying in a hospital bed with a concussion and a broken collarbone. When Crago’s potential silver medal horse Sabre was rejected at the second horse inspection, Australia no longer had a team. Forty-five-year old Bill Roycroft was taken out of hospital. He rode Our Solo to a clear round in the Jumping phase and secured team gold for Australia.