- 11 nations (Austria, Bulgaria, Guatemala, Finland, Hungary, India, Italy, Mexico, Poland, Romania, USSR)
- 68 entries (26 in Jumping; 14 in Dressage; 28 in Eventing)
Jumping (26 riders from 7 nations)
Dressage (14 riders from 6 nations)
Eventing (28 riders from 6 nations)
Ten thousand spectators watched the team competition in the equestrian complex of Bitsa. Six teams competed, of which none could be considered a top 10 team worldwide. The course designer was the former Soviet Nations Cup rider Viatcheslav Kartavski, who had built rather easy courses with inviting obstacles and no distance problems.
The individual competition, in front of 80,000 spectators in the Lenin stadium, had 16 starters. The Romanians chose not to participate, but there was one individual rider a piece from Finland and Guatemala. The Polish veteran, 38-year-old Jan Kowalczyk, on Artemor, won gold with one knock-down in each round. Nikolaj Korolkov, with 9.5 points, earned silver, and bronze went to Joaquin Perez de la Heras of Mexico, in a jump-off against Oswaldo Mendez of Guatemala.
The only foreign top rider performing in Moscow, Elisabeth Theurer on the 10-year-old grey Hannoverian Mon Chéri, clearly won the individual Dressage gold medal. Her decision to participate in Moscow had created considerable controversy in her native Austria – resulting in the resignation of the President of the National Equestrian Federation. In the Grand Prix the 26-year-old Sissi Theurer was 35 points and 82 points ahead of the two top Soviets, Yuri Kovshov and Viktor Ugriumov, respectively. In the Grand Prix Special, the difference increased to 90 and 136 points. Even without Elena Petushkova, who had lost her new horse Abakan due to illness, the Soviet team, with the record margin of 803 points, won team gold. Silver and bronze went to Bulgaria and Romania.
The participation of Italy brought some high level sport to the three-day event. Italy had been Olympic champions in 1964 and the Soviet Union had been, between 1962 and 1975, European champions on three occasions. The demands on endurance day were as follow:
The event was held in the Bitsa stadium and in the nearby Bitsa forest park. The ground was deep and muddy, but the obstacles were inviting. Of the 28 starters 11 were eliminated, including all the Indians. The Soviet Union won team gold ahead of Italy and Mexico. Federico Roman on the eight-year-old grey Rossinan took individual gold, ahead of three Soviet riders.