Games of the XXV Olympiad
25 July - 9 August 1992
Barcelona, home to 1.8 million people, was the host of Games of the XXV Olympiad and will be remembered for performances of the USA men’s basketball ‘Dream Team’ open to all professionals and featuring superstars such as Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan and Larry Bird. Needless to say they dominated the entire Games.
For the first time since 1972, the Games were boycott-free, due to important global political changes that had taken place in the years that followed the 1988 Games. Apartheid had been abolished in South Africa, which allowed the country to participate in the Olympic Games again, for the first time since 1960. Then there was the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of West and East Germany, as well as North and South Yemen.
Communism had ended and the Soviet Union was divided into 15 separate countries. The independent teams of Estonia and Latvia made their first appearance since 1936 and Lithuania sent its first team since 1928. The other former Soviet republics participated as a "unified team", although the winners were honoured under the flags of their own republics.
Yugoslavia was the subject of UN sanctions because of its military aggression against Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. It was banned from taking part in any team sports, but individual Yugoslav athletes were allowed to compete as "independent Olympic participants". Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Herzegovina competed as separate nations for the first time.
The equestrian events, with the exception of the Dressage and endurance phases of Eventing, were held at the Real Club de Polo de Barcelona, created in 1897.
The Parc del Remolar in downtown Barcelona had initially been proposed as the venue for the endurance part of Eventing. The golf and country club of El Montanya, one hour drive from Barcelona, was eventually selected. To make it easier for the horses, the Eventing-Dressage phase was held there too and as well as the second horse inspection.
Games Facts & Figures
- 169 nations
- 9,356 athletes (2,704 women; 6,652 men)
- 28 sports
- 34,548 volunteers
- 13,082 media (5,131 written press; 7,951 broadcasters)
- The IOC launched an appeal for the observance of the Olympic Truce for the first time.
- Spain's coxswain in the eights, 11-year-old Carlos Front, was the youngest competitor in the Olympic Games since 1900.